First Aid

First Aid For Migraine Headache

We all experience headache at some point. In medical terms it has been classified into different types such as sinus headache, tension headache, migraine headache etc. Though all headaches share different symptoms, there is one common thing that all types of headache share i.e. the pain.

Migraine Headache:
The word migraine is derived from Greek words ‘hemi’ which means ‘one half’ and ‘Kranion’ meaning ‘head’. It is a chronic disorder. The pain often ranges from mild to severe headaches.
The migraine headache is unilateral in nature i.e. it affects one half of the head.The pain usually lasts for 4 hours but can extend for about 72 hours. The pain is often described as pounding and throbbing.

Migraine Headache Symptoms:

  • The pain shifts from one side to the other side of the head
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea or vomiting feeling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Upset stomach
  • Sensitive to light, noise and odor
  • Fatigue
  • Paleness
  • Dizziness

First Aid Treatment:
Mild to moderate migraine pain can be taken care of at home.

  • Move the patient from stressful surrounding.
  • The person suffering from migraine pain should rest in a dark and quiet room.
  • Rest the head by placing it over comfortable pillows that provide proper support to the neck and head.
  • Apply cold compress to the affected area.
  • A moderate amount of caffeine can be taken.
  • Try massaging the tense muscles of neck, shoulder and the back of the head.
  • Over the counter painkillers can be taken to minimize the pain.

Time to Seek Medical Care:
Visit the doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • If the pain persists or the severity of the pain increases.
  • Experiencing fever or stiff neck along with the headache.
  • Weakness and loss of body weight.
  • Loss of consciousness.

Prevention:

  • Try identifying the triggering factors for example a particular food item or any medication that causes migraine attack.
  • Avoid the triggering factors.
  • Keep your self free from stress.
  • Practice yoga and meditation techniques.
  • Get adequate sleep.
  • Eat healthy meals.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Drink plenty of fresh and pure water.

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