First Aid

First aid for Crush Injuries

Crush injury occurs when your body part gets caught between two high pressurized objects. This would result in squeezing of that particular part that got caught and would leave the victim with injury called “crush injury”. Some of these crush injuries could cause bones to break, lead to severe bruising, and bleeding as well. In more automobile accidents, crush injuries are found to be very common form of injuries. Especially, some of the severe car accidents could lead to structure collapsing as well. There are other small injuries like slamming a finger in your door, which also falls under the category of crush injuries.

Symptoms:

Minor injuries:

  • Bruising
  • Moderate pain
  • Lacerations

Major Injuries:

  • Tissue damage below the skin
  • Organs damage
  • Broken bones
  • Muscles injury
  • Numbness
  • Possible paralysis

First aid and treatment

Minor injuries:

  • Medical attention is not required. You could just simply clean the injured part with clean water and then use ice to help ease the pain.
  • If there is swelling and mobility of that organ has become impossible then medical help should be obtained as soon as possible.
  • Taking an X-ray would help to decide whether there is a possible bone breakage or not.
  • If the bleeding is heavy, obtain immediate medical help. Tetanus shot might be required along with antibiotics.
  • In some cases, emergency surgery might be required to ease the pressure on nerves and muscles.

In most cases of injuries, compartment syndrome might take place if the tissues and muscles do not receive blood for very long time after the incident. If that happens then there is a chance that the nerves of that particular part might get severely affected, and the victim might face muscle death. The first sign of this compartment syndrome is extreme pain. Tingling sensation then would follow this. Eventually the limb would experience paralysis. Once this happens, then the pulse would be non-existent. The minute you see any of the above signs or the victim is telling you that he/she is feeling it, then you should seek immediate medical attention.

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