First Aid

How to Stop Severe Nose Bleeds?

Severe Nose Bleeds

are not uncommon. Many of you might have been the victims of nose bleed without any warning. Although nose bleeds might look frightening, most of them are not a cause of concern and can be treated easily.

What causes

epistaxis

?

Excessive blood vessels inside the nose and in the nasal passages help in warming and humidifying the air that enters the nose which we breathe. The crowded nature of these blood vessels makes them vulnerable to injuries resulting in nose bleeds.

Some other causes include, dryness of nose, allergies, nose picking, high blood pressure, infections, blowing the nose with force and inserting objects (done by children) into nose.

Severe Nose Bleeds

are also seen in people, who smoke, use cocaine and persons with blood clotting disorders.

Steps to stop Severe Nose Bleeds:

  1. Do not panic. Sit upright and slowly and slightly lean forward. By doing this, you are ensuring the blood flow out of the nose instead of swallowing it. Spit out the blood in your mouth if any.
  2. Now, using your thumb and index finger, pinch your nostrils together. Remain in this position for about 10 minutes. Breathe through mouth. This act puts pressure on the bone separating the two nostrils and stops the bleeding.
  3. Once the bleeding stops make sure neither to bend down for the rest of the day nor to blow your nose. Maintain the head level higher than heart level.
  4. You can repeat the steps 1to 3 if bleeding does not stop. If it persists, first blow out any blood clots and use a decongestant nasal spray in both the nostrils.

Call your Doctor immediately if:

  • The bleeding episode continues even after 20 minutes.
  • The cause of nose bleed is an accident, fall or head injury.

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