First Aid

What is inside a First Aid Kit?

Have you ever wondered

What is inside a First Aid Kit?

Most of you would say “yes” in reply to this question. A very simple answer to this question is a first aid kit is nothing but a stock of medications and emergency supplies that would come handy during unexpected illnesses or accidents.

Although people with chronic diseases do carry their medications with them all the time, it is also advisable to have a first aid kit in your car and one at home. Make sure to carry one with you if you are going on a holiday and see to it that it is water-proof.

First aid kits vary in contents for different activities such as hiking, boating and camping.

A first aid kit can be bought from one of the Red Cross offices or your local drug store. You can also make one on your own, for which choose a kit that is easy to carry, durable, has enough space and is light in weight.

What is inside a First Aid Kit?

The contents of a first aid kit comprise of basic supplies, emergency items and medications.

1. Basic Supplies

These include the following items:

• First-aid manual
• Antibiotic ointment
• Soap or hand sanitizer
• Safety Eye goggles
• Instant cold packs
• Lubricant. E.g. petroleum jelly
• Thermometer
• Save-A-Tooth storage device containing salt solution and a travel case
• Sterile gauze pads
• Disposable gloves
• 2 or 3 triangular bandages
• At least 25 adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
• Antiseptic wipes and solution
• Scissors, needle and tweezers
• Safety pins
• Disposable instant cold packs
• A few plastic bags to dispose off contaminated material
• Cotton balls
• 1 blanket
• Roller bandage
• At least 2 absorbent compress dressings
• Water-proof plasters
• Sterile eye pads
• Cling film to apply over burns
• Alcohol-free wipes or sterile saline to clean wounds

2. Emergency Items

The list includes:

• First-aid instruction manual
• Flash light and some extra batteries
• Sunscreen
• Emergency contact numbers of your doctor, and pediatrician if you have kids and contact details of emergency road service providers
• Each family member’s medical history sheets
• A cell phone and its charger that can fit into the accessory plug in your car
• Candles and match boxes (for cold climatic conditions)

3. Medications

This category comprises of medicines and some medical tools such as:

• Medicine spoon and syringe
• Aspirin or paracetamol
• Non-aspirin pain relievers
• Calamine lotion
• Drugs for allergic attacks prescribed by your family doctor
• Over-the-counter oral antihistamines like Benadryl
• Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream (1%)
• Anti-diarrhea medicines
• Aloe vera gel
• Medicines for common ailments such as cold, fever, sore throat, cough, indigestion or constipation

Make sure to read the first aid manual to understand how to use

What is inside a First Aid Kit

i.e., it’s contents. Take some time out and attend courses offered on first aid and be prepared to become a first aider when the situation demands. Make sure that the course you take up deals with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The American Red Cross also offers several courses on first aid for children depending on the child’s age. This way you can prepare your children for medical emergencies.

Your work is not done yet. Make sure to check your first aid kits regularly to replace the medicines that have expired and to refill the ones that have been used up. Also, make sure the flash light is in working condition, if not replace the batteries.

The above mentioned contents can vary in number if you are travelling. Be sure to tuck the kit in your checked luggage.

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