First Aid

What is First Aid – Types, Training and Vital Skills

Many of us have heard the term “First Aid”, more frequently with the word injury.

What is First Aid?

Well, the following paragraphs throw light on this basic question, which at some point of time has managed to pop up in every individual’s brain.

First Aid:

Every one of you might have witnessed the situation at some point of time in your lives, where an individual has met with an accident and got injured seriously. Instead of leaving the victim to their fate, you might have offered to help them by gradually bringing them out of the shock, or might have tried to stop bleeding from the injured area after calling 911 emergency services. All these initial steps performed on the victim, before the necessary medical help arrives is First Aid.

Here is the simple answer to

What is First Aid?

It can be defined as the temporary care given to a sick or injured person before the team of medical professionals takes over the patient’s responsibility.

The Three ‘P’s that give meaning to first aid:

Preserving life

– The primary aim of first aid is to save the life of the casualty (injured person).

Preventing further harm

– The victim is taken care of till medical help arrives by applying required                              first aid techniques, thus preventing further harm.

Promoting recovery

– The measures taken as a part of first aid techniques will in turn help in the recovery process. For example: A wound covered with a plaster recovers faster than the one left unattended.

First Aid Types:

Not all situations require an immediate medical attention.

Emergency First Aid

This first aid is mandatory before the medical team takes the situation into their control. Life threatening illness or injury requires this type of care. Controlling severe bleeding, clearing airway obstruction etc are considered as emergency first aid measures.

Non-Emergency First Aid

– This is the kind of treatment initiated by the first-aider (person who gives first aid) for minor medical needs such as cleaning cuts and bandaging them and controlling minor bleeding to name a few.

First Aid Training:

Every individual should get trained in giving first aid. Several organizations such as

American Red Cross

and

American Heart Association

to name a few, offer training classes.

What is First Aid and what are its vital skills?

During training sessions, you will be taught about ‘

ABC’

of first aid. The term ABC is very commonly used among emergency medical professionals. What does it stand for then?

ABC is the abbreviation of Airway, Breathing, and Circulation in first aid context. This term is nothing but the step-wise procedure a first aider needs to follow while treating the casualty. Only after restoring these functions, should the first aider look for any other treatment options.

  1. Airway –

    After calming down the casualty and moving him/her to a safe place, the very first thing a first aider should do is to check the airway and make sure it is clear. Look and feel if anything is in the mouth and get it out.

  2. Breathing –

    Once you have determined that the airway is clear, check whether the victim is breathing adequately. If not, provide rescue breathing or mouth to mouth resuscitation or artificial respiration. This is done by pressing your mouth against the victim’s mouth and forcing air into his/her lungs at intervals of seconds.

  3. Circulation –

    It is always advisable to go for chest compressions and rescue breathing if the victim is not breathing. Chest compressions are necessary for proper circulation of blood.

Now that you have got an idea of

What is First Aid,

the next time you come across any of your friends or strangers who are in need of first aid, make sure to look out for danger and call emergency before you don the role of first aider.

1 response to What is First Aid – Types, Training and Vital Skills

  1. I WANT SOMEONE WHO HELP ME IN MY STUDY. I’ M STUDENT.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *