First Aid

How To Slow Bleeding In First Aid

Injuries of all types can occur at any time, and you need to be prepared them all. Often,a wound will result in bleeding. The bleeding might be from a simple bloody nose or cut finger, or be something more severe like a gunshot. Whether the bleeding is a gentle ooze or a life-threatening spray, knowing how to slow bleeding is an essential part of first aid training.

There are many methods you can take advantage of to control blood loss. Here are a few suitable for first aid use.

Direct Pressure

This is the easiest method to slow bleeding, and the one you should always turn to first. If you put enough pressure on a wound, blood will usually stop seeping out and instead be forced back into your arteries and veins on its normal course. This is usually the only method you need to use for smaller injuries. For larger wounds, it can still effective for slowing bleeding, even if it doesn’t stop it. Here’s the proper steps for applying pressure.

  • 1. Get some kind of clean padding to use as bandaging. Medical gauze padding is the best, though in emergencies you should use whatever’s around, like strips of towels or clothing.
  • 2. Apply an appropriate amount over the wound and several layers.
  • 3. Press down over the wound firmly until the bleeding stops.
  • 4. The the padding bleeds through, don’t remove it. Instead, add more on top of it.

Pressure Points

If there is a wound on your arm or leg that is bleeding severely, then direct pressure might not be enough to stop bleeding, only to slow it. In this case, you might want to consider applying pressure directly on the artery providing blood to the wound.

  • There are two primary pressure points on your arm. The first is on the inside of the upper arm, just below the armpit. The second is on the inside of the elbow joint.
  • There are also two available in the leg, though they can be harder to get to. The first is on the inner upper thigh, near the groin area. The second is on the upper part of the back of the knee.


Gravity can be a great assistant to slow bleeding. Whatever part of the body is bleeding, elevate. Gravity will keep blood flow to the area minimal naturally.

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