First Aid

First Aid for Blunt Trauma

What is Blunt Trauma?

Blunt trauma is the result of a physical blow to the body, that does not pierce skin or flesh. This is different from penetration trauma, which does both of those. Although blunt trauma might not seem as bad, because there’s less bleeding and exposed flesh, it can easily be as bad or worse than a wound that opens up the body. Here are some general guidelines for blunt trauma wounds.

1. Evaluate the Damage

Blunt trauma encompassing everything as minor as a black eye to as major as a concussion. You need to evaluate the severity of the wound in order to choose your next step. Here are two guidelines to use.

Location

  • Some places can handle a hit more easily than others. Your legs and arms are usually out of serious long term danger unless a bone is broken or fractured. Other places, like your head and neck, are very sensitive. If you see a serious blow to a sensitive area, you should seek medical help immediately,

Severity

  • The amount of damage done depends on the amount of force in the blow. For instance, the damage from, say a punch to the abdomen or walking into a telephone pole are much less than a baseball bat to the head.

2. Initial First Aid

Lie the person down in a comfortable position. Try to elevate the area where the blunt trauma was received. You can expect lot of bruising and swelling, so prepare for that. Apply an ice pack to the area, but be sure not to leave it on more more then fifteen minutes at a time. Prolonged exposure to cold can destroy the already damaged tissue.

Give the person any over the counter painkillers you may have. Be sure to follow the instructions accompanying the medication.

3. Treating the Wound

Sometimes, there will be no tearing of the flesh at all. Often, however, the blow will cause at least a small cut or scrape. Clean, sterilize, and bandage to wound to avoid infection.

4. If the Victim is Unconscious

Try to wake him or up with gentle shaking and shouting. Elevte the head and torso slightly. Make sure he or she continues breathing. If respiration stops, administer CPR if you know it. Keep the airway free of obstruction and roll the person on their side if they vomit.

1 response to First Aid for Blunt Trauma

  1. Fell out of bed feeling down. This has brgtiheend my day!

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