First Aid

First Aid for a Bullet Wound

Bullet wounds are terrifying and often deadly injuries that happen all too often. In the long run, the only real treatment for it has to be done in a hospital by a trained medical professional. In some cases, though, getting to a doctor might take too long, and you have to act quickly to preserve a life. Here are a few basic tips for first aid for a bullet wound.

1. Call for Medical Help

A bullet wound can be deceptive. Even if the wound doesn’t appear to be too bad, there could be internal damage that you can’t see. The first thing you should do is call for emergency assistance. You won’t be able to fully treat the wound on your own, and you shouldn’t attempt to do so. Focus on saving a life, and leave the advanced stuff for the professionals.

2. Be Safe

Where there is one bullet wound, another might be about to follow. There are many causes of bullet wounds, some intentional, some not. But whatever the case, you need to take all necessary precautions to prevent another injury. Getting yourself or others harmed only makes the situation worse.

3. Check for Vital Signs

Check for consciousness, respiration, and pulse. If the person is unconscious, try to wake them up. If you’ve been trained in CPR, you may administer it if the need arises. Try to avoid moving the victim unless circumstances force you to.

4. Halt Bleeding

The is the part of bullet wound first aid that you can have the largest impact with. Stopping blood loss can save a life.

  1. Elevate the wounded area.
  2. Apply steady, heavy pressure to the bullet wound. Use whatever is around; cloths, towels, gauze, or clothing. You can even use your hands if nothing else is available.
  3. Don’t remove your bandages if they bleed through. Instead, put more padding on top.
  4. If possible, secure your makeshift bandage tightly with tape or medical wrappings. This allows you to administer other first aid.
  5. Don’t worry too much about infection. Use clean hands and materials if possible, but make bleeding control your priority. You can always work on infections later.

5. Shock Treatment

Extreme blood loss will eventually lead to shock. If this occurs, be prepared to administer shock first aid, as well.

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