First Aid

First Aid for Severe Bleeding

Severe bleeding presents a pressing and immediate danger to anyone. Left unchecked, it can lead to unconsciousness and death.The causes of severe bleeding are limitless. Any large, pointy object is capable of tearing enough flesh to constitute sever bleeding.

Here are some steps to follow for first aid for severe bleeding.

1. Put on gloves

If you have access to a pair of clean plastic or rubber gloves, put them on before doing anything. A good first aid kit should have at least a couple of pairs.
This is important to protect you from any contaminants in the person’s blood. However, it is more to keep your hands from infecting the wound.

2. Lay them down

You want to slow heart rate and lower blood pressure as much as possible to slow blood loss. To do this, have the person lay down on his or her back, unless the wound is on the back. If possible, elevate the area with the wound. This is easiest if it’s on the arm or leg.

3. Cover them up

Blood loss leads to loss of body heat and hypothermia. To help avoid this, try to remove as little clothing as possible. Put any spare jackets, towels, and blankets over the person to help retain body heat.

4. Clean the wound

If possible, wash the wound with clean water. Remove any obvious debris and gristle. If any pieces are lodged in the wound, such as a shard of glass or bullet, do not attempt to yank it free.

5. Wrap it up

If you have any sterile gauze or cloth, apply this first to the wound. Don’t be afraid to use a lot of it. Hold this in place with a wrapping of bandages and medical tape. Then, press something highly absorbent, like a towel or blanket, over the whole mess and apply pressure directly to the wound.

6. Hold it

Keep the pressure on for at least twenty minutes. If the wound is still bleeding at the point, keep the pressure on until it stops and then for ten minutes after that.

7. Keep the bandages on

Don’t remove the bandages, this can open the wound back up and let the blood start flowing again. Do whatever is necessary from this point to get the person to an emergency room as soon as possible.

Blood is absolutely vital to our existence. It carries oxygen and food to our entire bodies, allowing us to do complicated things like be alive. If you lose too much blood, your body functions start shutting down. First you’ll become dizzy, then go into shock. Lose enough blood, and you’ll faint and eventually die.

Obviously, these are all pretty unpleasant outcomes. So if you encounter someone undergoing severe bleeding, you should do your best to stop it.

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