First Aid

Concussion First Aid

Brain in the skull is movable part, with little movement from falling from a height can create a shake in skull. This is concussion. Concussion is caused due to many reasons like sports injury, fights or falling from a height. This causes temporary stop in brain activity. There is no long lasting effect of concussion. The patient gets recovered within 2-3 hours but their could be swelling which can be reduced by treating with ice.

Treatment

  • Bleeding in the scalp causes swelling. Apply ice to the affected area. Use ice covered with a cloth while applying, so that it is evenly applied all over the head or bag of frozen vegetables can also be used.
  • Apply it for 25-30 minutes or if the injury is more you can apply it every 2-3 hours.
  • Minor injuries like falling from a height or from a carpet does not require a physician. Application of ice will reduce the injury.
  • Signs of major injury from inside which cannot be observed are nausea, confusion, muscle weakness, dizziness and vomiting.
  • With concussion their is a risk of seizures so avoid any physical activity for 24 hours.
  • Do not stay alone if possible for 24 hours.
  • Avoid any pain killer medication with out doctors prescription. If very necessary you can go for acetaminophen.
  • If you are taking any prescribed medicines since few days or long, avoid them for few days as some of them may cause blood thinning.

First Aid Procedure

  • Check AVP that is check if the patient is alert opens hie/her eyes and check if casualty responds to the questions or not.
  • Check if the patient responds to simple commands or not.
  • Check if the patient is able to feel the pain or not.
  • If the casualty is responsive than there is nothing very severe.

If the casualty dose not respond then monitor the breathing and heart beat of the casualty.
Place the casualty in recovery position.
Keep a watch until the casualty is treated is completely normal.

Causes

  • Impaired consciousness
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of short term memory
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision for some period.

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