First Aid

First Aid for Vomiting



It is the powerful ejection of the contents present in the stomach. It is a miserable feeling.It is a result of irritation or infection of the digestive system caused due to intake of foods or drinks contaminated with bacteria,virus or fungi. It may also cause severe dehydration and fluid electrolyte imbalance,if not treated may lead to serious consequences like shock. Vomiting is not a disease but it is a symptom of many diseases.


  • Strong odours.
  • Food poisoning.
  • Motion sickness.
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Vertigo.
  • Anxiety or stress.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Brain injury.
  • Infections of the stomach.
  • Overeating.
  • Emotional stress.
  • Medication induced.
  • Diseases of the gallbladder.
  • Psychological illness.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Foods that smell bad.
  • Ulcers of the stomach.
  • Inflammation.
  • Overeating.
  • Blocked intestinal tract.
  • Severe cough.
  • Illnesses like fever.


  • Vomiting is not a disease and it usually reduces on its own.
  • Reassure the person and advise the patient to take slow and deep breaths.
  • Use a damp cloth to wipe the face of the patient.
  • Give the person lots of clear fluids.
  • Fluid intake helps to correct fluid electrolyte imbalance.
  • Clear liquids like lemon juice should be given.
  • Do not take milk and diary products. This may induce vomiting.
  • Never give spicy foods.
  • Provide bland diet and fluids.
  • Always remember to equalize the fluid balance.
  • The person may go into dehydration, so always remember to rehydrate the patient.
  • Oral rehydration solution can be administered at frequent intervals to both adults and children.
  • Initially, adults should be given ice-chips and liquids like Gatorade,fruit juices,and ginger ale can be taken.
  • A BRAT DIET: bananas,rice ,apple sauce without sugar,toast,potatoes and pasta can be given after 24 hours.
  • Anti-emetics can be administered.
  • If pregnancy is the cause for vomiting then consult a doctor.
  • In case of food poisoning or any other poisoning,induce vomiting for the first 24hours and if it does not reduce after a day,consult the doctor.
  • Always remember to re hydrate the patient because it may lead to severe dehydration,low blood pressure and shock.
  • If the vomiting persists then take the person immediately to the medical personnel.


  • Do not leave the person with severe vomiting,dehydration alone if they are not conscious fully as they may choke on their vomit which blocks the wind pipe..
  • In case of pandemic or endemic spread of vomiting then 2tablespoons of salt and 2 tablespoon of sugar can be mixed in 1litre of water and given to the victims especially in the underdeveloped countries as this is the cheapest way.

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