First Aid

First aid for Alcohol Poisoning.

Alcohol poisoning can occur in an individual, due to excessive intake of alcohol, more than the limits that can be endured by the person.

Excessive intake of alcohol has many ill effects. The central nervous system is most effected part due to excessive alcohol intake. This in turn has an affect on the physical and mental functions carried out by the person. Sometimes leading to a state of deep unconsciousness.

Some of the risks associated with alcohol poisoning are:

There may be the risk of choking or inhaling the vomit in a state of unconsciousness.

There may be a case of hypothermia, which is a condition where the person loses the body’s heat.

There may be many underlying causes for the development of the unconscious state in an individual, such as a possible head injury, a heart attack or a stroke.

How does one recognise whether the casualty has alcohol poisoning?

  • If one finds empty bottle or cans of alcohol beverages near the casualty.
  • A state of semi consciousness, where the person wakes up and lapses again.
  • A deep and noisy state of breathing.
  • A very high pulse rate.
  • A moist or sweaty face.
  • Or a possible state of unconsciousness.

Some of the symptoms that can develop at the later stage of unconsciousness are:

  • A dry or a pale appearance of the face.
  • A very low or shallow breathing.
  • A very weak or a rapid pulse.
  • Sensitive or dilated pupils that cannot stand the light.

First aid or treatment for the casualty when conscious:

  • Make sure to isolate the casualty from heat or cold, by covering him with a blanket or coat.
  • Check for injuries, especially on the head or for any medical conditions.
  • Keep a check on the pulse and breathing until the casualty can make a recovery, or till the casualty can get the medical assistance.

When casualty is unconscious:

  • Make sure the casualty has access to open air and check for breathing.
  • There may be a need to give the casualty chest compressions and rescue breathing.
  • In case the casualty is breathing normally, keep him in an upright position even if he is still unconscious.
  • Call for an ambulance.

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